Sasol’s plant in Secunda, Mpumalanga province. (Image: Sasol. For more free photos, visit the image library.)Janine ErasmusSouth Africa is putting its weight behind research into carbon capture, with the recent launch of the South African Centre for Carbon Capture and Storage.The centre was launched in Johannesburg as a private/public/international partnership in late March 2009. It will oversee the compilation of the so-called carbon atlas, which will identify and rank potential carbon dioxide storage sites, and drive the development of carbon storage technology in the Southern African region.“Climate change is a global dilemma that requires a global resolution,” said minerals and energy minister Bujelwa Sonjica at the launch. “Carbon capture and storage is being propelled forward in a global context and it is essential that South Africa accesses worldwide advances and co-operates with other experts in the field.”The R25-million (US$2.7-million) centre is tasked with tapping into the vast South African expertise in mining and mineral resources and applying it to the commercial implementation of carbon dioxide storage. It is also intended to help facilitate the move from fossil fuels to renewable and nuclear energy.Present at the launch were representatives from South Africa’s national Department of Minerals and Energy, the Norwegian Ministry of Environment and Development, the British High Commission, South Africa’s Central Energy Fund, and the South African National Energy Research Institute (Saneri).Representatives from financial partners, such as coal producers Anglo Coal and Xstrata Coal, power utility Eskom and fuel manufacturer Sasol were also in attendance.Carbon storage atlasIn 2008 a group of high profile South African companies, each of which have much to gain from proper handling of greenhouse gases, banded together to identify suitable sites for carbon storage. These will be published in the work-in-progress carbon atlas.“This is a critical step in the process for carbon capture and storage in South Africa,” commented Sonjica. “Currently the atlas focuses only on South Africa. However, one might envisage it as a basis for a regional carbon dioxide geological storage atlas that might be developed in co-operation with our Southern African Development Community neighbours.”The R2-million ($210 000) project, under the leadership of Saneri, uses current geological information to pinpoint potentially suitable underground storage sites.The atlas is the collaborative work of Sasol, Eskom, the Petroleum, Oil and Gas Corporation of South Africa (PetroSA), mining giant Anglo American and Saneri. The atlas will rank potential storage sites according to a range of factors, such as storage capacity, proximity to industrial centres, and transportation pipelines.Work started in September 2008 and an initial assessment of South Africa’s storage potential is due for publication in early 2010 by the Council for Geoscience and the Petroleum Agency of South Africa. The complete atlas will be ready by mid-2010, says the Department of Minerals and Energy.According to the department, the first test injection of carbon dioxide is planned for 2016, while a pilot plant is likely to be up and running by 2020.Looking for storage spaceThe first places to look, says Tony Surridge, senior manager for fossil fuels and acting CEO of Saneri, would be where gas, oil or coal has already been mined.The spaces left behind would theoretically be ideal for carbon capture and storage, which involves the collection of carbon dioxide before it escapes into the atmosphere, compressing it under immense pressure into a liquid form, and then injecting it into deep underground structures.These may be depleted oil and gas mines, coal seams, or deep saline aquifers – below-surface water-bearing formations of porous rock, sand or gravel, filled with salt water and therefore useless for agriculture or drinking. Aquifers are viewed as important potential carbon dioxide sinks because they tend to be large and close together, and may be capable of storing great volumes of the gas.Because of the depth of the geological structures and the resulting pressure, the carbon dioxide will not revert to its original gaseous form, and will be easily absorbed by rock. Furthermore, say scientists, the risk of it escaping is minimal.There is also the potential application of compressed carbon dioxide being injected into geological formations to help increase production from coal beds or oil and gas reservoirs.Coal-burning countrySouth Africa derives most of its power from the burning of coal, and is rated as one of the African continent’s biggest carbon culprits – with emissions approaching 400-million tons of carbon dioxide annually, it contributes about 1% to total global emissions.The country pledged during the Climate Change Summit held in March 2009 to stabilise greenhouse gas emissions between 2020 and 2025, keep them steady for up to 10 years and then start a decrease.And with a number of new coal-fired power stations on the drawing board, it is vital that plans be put into place now to deal with the future increase in emission of greenhouse gases.While carbon capture involves capturing greenhouse gases before they can escape into the atmosphere, it is equally important that they are stored in a suitable place.Surridge says that up to 60%, or 249-million tons, of South Africa’s carbon emissions could be almost immediately locked away in storage, technology permitting.However, it is also important to remember that carbon storage is not intended to replace strategies for increasing energy efficiency, and that steps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions must still be regarded as a priority.Do you have queries or comments about this article? Contact Janine Erasmus at email@example.com.Related articlesSA faiths unite for climateInvesting in a green futureUseful linksCarbon capture and storageSouth African National Energy Research InstituteDepartment of Science and TechnologyDepartment of Minerals and EnergyCouncil for GeosciencePetroleum Agency South AfricaSA national energy efficiency campaignState of the environmentClimate Change Summit
MANILA, Philippines—Javee Mocon skied in at the nick of time and his heroic tip-in lifted the Rookies and Sophomores from the Juniors, 141-1400 in the RSJ Game of the PBA All-Star Weekend Friday in Calasiao.ADVERTISEMENT Eduard Folayang unfazed by Japan crowd in ONE title rematch with hometown bet Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Perez made the offensive rebound but he rushed his shot. Fortunately for him, there was Mocon who timed his tip perfectly.Although he missed his last second shot, Perez proved that he was the best of the bunch winning the MVP of the game after putting up 32 points and eight rebounds.Jeron Teng had 19 points and seven rebounds for theRookies-Sophomores with Mocon adding in 18 points, four rebounds, and five assists.Rashawn McCarthy had 24 points for the Juniors.ADVERTISEMENT MOST READ View comments Trump tells impeachment jokes at annual turkey pardon event Mocon’s tip-in, though, was just part of the crazy final seconds of the game that saw a late-game foul, three missed free throws, and a blanked last-second heave.Robert Bolick stole the ball from Mac Belo who turned the ball over with around 16 seconds left after the Juniors’ timeout, leading to a frantic transition basket attempt on the part of the Rookies-Sophomores.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSPORTSSingapore latest to raise issue on SEA Games food, logisticsCJ Perez put up a baseline three that bounced off the rim, but luckily for Rookies-Sophomores there was Jason Perkins who grabbed the rebound and forced a three-point attempt while drawing a foul on Jio Jalalon.Perkins needed to shoot just two of those freebies to give the Rookies-Sophomores, who were trailing 140-139, the victory but he botched all three. Bloomberg: US would benefit from more, not fewer, immigrants Wintry storm delivers US travel woes before Thanksgiving Google Philippines names new country director Colombia protesters vow new strike after talks hit snag PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games PLAY LIST 02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Cayetano: Senate, Drilon to be blamed for SEA Games mess Panelo: Duterte ‘angry’ with SEA Games hosting hassles Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. LATEST STORIES
Kolkata: The BJP has created phobia among the people of Kashmir and anyone asking anything about the valley has been threatened, while the media has been forced to give a rosy picture of the area, Trinamool Congress supremo Mamata Banerjee said on Wednesday.She was addressing a gathering at Behala on Wednesday evening, on the eve of Independence Day. Banerjee said: “I reiterate that the procedure which was followed to do away with Article 370 of the Indian Constitution giving special status to Kashmir, was wrong. The decision was implemented by using brute force. Instead, the Centre should have talked to the people and won their confidence.” Also Read – Bengal family worships Muslim girl as Goddess Durga in Kumari Puja”It is a major tragedy that on the eve of the 73rd Independence Day we do not know what has happened to the former Chief Ministers or how the people of the area are spending their days. This is not democracy,” she maintained. Stating that Bengal has taught people unity and integration, Banerjee added: “Bengal has produced the highest number of freedom fighters who had sacrificed their lives for future generations.” She said Bengal will be celebrating the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi and the bicentenary of Pandit Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar. “When the entire country was rejoicing on August 15, 1947, Gandhiji was in Kolkata spreading the message of national integrity and peace and to ensure that no communal riot took place,” she added. Also Read – Bengal civic volunteer dies in road mishap on national highwayAcknowledging the contribution of Raja Rammohan Roy and Vidyasagar, she said: “Raja Rammohan had fought to stop the evil practice of sati and Vidyasagar had introduced widow remarriage. Swami Vivekananda’s speech at the World Parliament of Religions in Chicago in 1893 and Rabindranath’s role to oppose the decision to partition Bengal in 1905 are remembered by the people of our country. Bengal has taught us to be responsible and uphold the message of love.” The Trinamool supremo mentioned that in the past eight years, remarkable development has taken place in Bengal, saying: “Anyone coming to the city from other cities or abroad appreciates the way both sides of VIP Road have been beautified.” Banerjee will hoist the National Flag at Red Road and take the guard of honour on Thursday morning on the 73rd Independence Day of India. She will also hand over police medals to awardees. Independence Day will be observed in all 341 blocks throughout the state.
Julien Gignac APTN National NewsOntario teachers do not have access to adequate training required to teach First Nations, Metis and Inuit issues, according to a new report released in the province.47 per cent of secondary schools and 29 per cent of elementary schools report they offer professional training for teachers surrounding Indigenous issues, states the People for Education’s 2015 annual report.The report included responses from 1,196 Ontario principles.Click here to read the report.The research and advocacy group’s 2014 report states that one quarter of elementary schools and roughly one-third of secondary schools have teacher training related to Aboriginal issues.However, Aboriginal students are found in 96 per cent of secondary schools and 92 per cent of elementary schools, states the latest release.“Optics are a big deal here,” said David Cameron, research director of People for Education. “It’s not so teachers can help Aboriginal kids be more successful, it’s professional development so that the entire material of the learning experience in Ontario can reflect a diverse and somewhat troubled history with a lot of peoples.“The school system is the exact place to think about this stuff,” he said. “It takes a lot of courage to do that as a teacher because it is cultural genocide.”How to do that in a mixed classroom is key, Cameron added.On June 2, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission called on all levels of government to revamp Canada’s education system as part of its 94 recommendations.A number of recommendations stressed an annual commitment to “make age-appropriate curriculum on residential schools, Treaties and Aboriginal peoples’ historical and contemporary contributions to Canada a mandatory education requirement for kindergarten to Grade 12 students.”Some circumstances are changing. The Ottawa Catholic School Board has been on a steady trajectory towards Aboriginal integration in its schools.“Our curriculum is growing all the time,” said Katie Lewis-Prieur, arts consultant and Native studies advisor for the Ottawa Catholic School Board. “We want Aboriginal studies to be embedded and across the curriculum, not just our Native studies courses.”Lewis-Prieur has seen growth in and enrollment in her courses during the last three years. There were eight secondary school classes then. Now there are 29 offered, spanning Indigenous art, history and current issues.Teachers receive a full two-years of training as part of the board’s spiritual theme, said Lewis-Prieur. “It’s a whole two years of focus where we’re talking about the residential school system and restoring relationships with our Aboriginal communities.“Our philosophy is that all students and all staff need to learn about Aboriginal issues,” she firstname.lastname@example.org
We often hear about the NFL’s dominance in the mindshare of sports fans, and it’s hard to argue with the facts and figures floating around to support this notion. Pro football has been No. 1 in the annual Harris Poll survey of Americans’ favorite sports for three consecutive decades, and the NFL’s television ratings routinely trounce those of other sports. But, curiously, I was fooling around with Google Trends, and there is at least one area in which the NFL is not crushing the opposition: Google searches.The NFL is trailing the NBA by about 5 percent since Google’s Trends search data became available in 2004.There are a lot of factors that can cloud these results, including the possibility that not all search terms are being correctly attributed to each league. This is a particular issue for “football,” which is, as you probably know, what everyone outside the U.S. calls soccer. Recent improvements to Trends make this issue less problematic, but it’s still worth mentioning.The numbers also include worldwide searches; the NBA has a large global presence (particularly in Asia), and Google is, by definition, biased toward countries with a greater number of Internet users. For what it’s worth, the NFL is still tops by quite a bit within the U.S.Even so, it’s an interesting data point about the relative global reach of America’s biggest sports leagues. If we look at things from an international perspective, the NFL is not the behemoth it usually appears to be stateside.
WILMINGTON, MA — Below is advice from the Wilmington Board of Health published in the most recently Town Topics newsletter:Mosquito and tick season is upon us, the Board of Health would like to remind residents to take precautions to reduce their risk of exposure to mosquitoes and ticks.MOSQUITOES – Try to avoid outdoor activity during times of day with increased mosquito activity, which is dawn and dusk. Use mosquito repellents containing an EPA-approved active ingredient such as DEET.Residents should wear long sleeved clothing to reduce mosquito access to skin and remove any standing water in your yard, including children’s toys, birdbaths, pots and planters.Wilmington is part of the Central Massachusetts Mosquito Control Project and routine spraying and larvicide treatment is conducted throughout the summer.TICKS – Ticks are prevalent in Wilmington. Ticks like damp, shady, brushy, leafy areas. If you have been in an area where ticks might be present, it is important to check yourself, your family and your pets for ticks every day. Use repellents that contain DEET on your exposed skin and those that contain permethrin on your clothes. When spending time outside, if weather permits, wear long-sleeved, light colored shirts and long pants tucked into your socks.Keep the grass cut short and remove piles of leaves and brush. Talk to your veterinarian about the best ways to protect your pets and livestock from ticks.If you find a tick on yourself, remove it carefully as soon as possible. If you develop a rash or other signs of illness following a tick bite, be sure to contact your health care provider immediately. If you are looking into preventative tick control, check out tick tubes, which may be found online. They work great ridding areas of deer ticks only. Remember deer ticks are the ones that transmit Lyme Disease. If you have been bitten by a tick, log on to the Board of Health website for links to get the ticks tested.Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email email@example.com.Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… RelatedWilmington Board Of Health Offers Advice On Mosquitoes & TicketsIn “Government”Wilmington Board Of Health Urges Residents To Use Caution As Mosquitos Test Positive For EEE In AndoverIn “Government”Request A Free Mosquito Spraying From Central Mass. Mosquito Control Project This SeptemberIn “Government”
-Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) on Monday alleged that chief election commissioner (CEC) KM Nurul Huda has been staging a mockery in the name of dialogue ahead of the 11th parliamentary elections, reports UNB.Speaking at a milad mahfil-cum-commemorating meeting, BNP senior joint secretary general Ruhul Kabir Rizvi urged the election commission (EC) to work for the restoration of people’s voting rights to gain public confidence instead of making any mockery.”People will consider it as a mockery what’re you [CEC] doing now in the name of dialogue. Stop it, and work for restoring people’s voting rights which will help you gain public trust,” he said.The BNP leader further said, “The CEC said they’ll only consider the suggestions of civil society members which are made in the light of the existing law and the constitution. If this is the case, why did you make a mockery in the name of talks? You shouldn’t have staged such a drama.”Jatiyatabadi Swechchhasebak Dal organised the programme at BNP’s Naya Paltan central office, marking the fourth death anniversary of its ex-office secretary Munshi Jamaluddin Ahmed.As part of the roadmap prepared by it, the EC sat with civil society members on 31 July, commencing its around two-month-long talks with different stakeholders about the next general election.Most of the participants suggested the commission earn people’s trust through making their activities visible as an independent body. They also recommended defining army as law enforcers so that they can be engaged in the next polls for holding it in a free and fair manner.Rizvi asked the CEC whether they invited the intellectuals to insult them by ignoring 90 percent of their suggestions. “The election won’t be free and fair, if it is held under the current law and constitution. In fact, you [CEC] don’t have any commitment to holding a fair and impartial election.”He came down hard on the CEC saying Huda is not sincere about holding a credible election as he is a pro-ruling party man. “Your activities give us an impression that you’re plotting to hold a lopsided election to prolong one-party Baksal rule.”The BNP leader alleged that their party has not been allowed to hold any programme in the current month as the ruling party is set to observe the national Mourning Day on 15 August commemorating the brutal killing of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and most of his family members on that day in 1975.”Did you make one of the 12 months disappeared from calendar that no other political party can arrange any programme in the month?” he asked the ruling Bangladesh Awami League.Rizvi said ruling party men and law enforcers are obstructing their party’s member collection programmes and attacking their party leaders and activists at different parts of the country.Describing 15 August a tragic incident, he said, “We also say a shocking incident took place in the month of August, and this is also justified that Awami League should observe a mourning day. But obstructing others from holding any programme in the month is an exposure of the party’s Baksal attitude.”
-Terming the Rohingya crisis a national one, opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) on Monday said it wants a national unity to face the problem instead of doing politic over the issue.”We don’t want to do politics over the Rohingya issue. We think it’s a national crisis and we’ll have to tackle the situation uniting the entire nation,” said BNP secretary general Mirza Fakhrul Islam Alamgir.He came up with the comments while speaking at a discussion programme arranged by BNP at the Institution of Engineers, Bangladesh, marking its chairperson Khaleda Zia’s 10th ‘jail release’ day.The BNP leader said though the government had been playing a silent role over the Rohingya issue, it has now become vocal on the matter as the world community started reacting to it and putting pressure on Myanmar.Making their party’s position clear on the issue, Fakhrul said BNP wants Rohingyas to be given shelter for a temporary period, not permanently, on humanitarian grounds. “Give them food and shelter, and force the Myanmar government to take back its citizens.”He alleged that sending its citizens to Bangladesh by repressing them is an act of aggression by Myanmar against the country’s independence and sovereignty. “The government should take all necessary diplomatic efforts to force Myanmar to take back Rohingyas ensuring their dignity and citizenship.”The BNP leader said the government and its aides have again started a false campaign against BNP chairperson Khaleda Zia and senior vice-chairman Tarique Rahman as people are now taking preparation for the next general election. “There’ll be no use of carrying out propaganda against our leader (Khaleda) since people have given her a place in their hearts.”He alleged that the way Myanmar government is eliminating the Rohingyas, the same way the government is annihilating democratic forces in Bangladesh.Fakhrul alleged that the government is eliminating those who are taking position in favour of democracy and people in a planned way.