The new documentary “Citizenfour” centers on a series of candid interviews with Edward Snowden, the former Central Intelligence Agency employee and National Security Agency (NSA) contractor who last year leaked more than 200,000 classified documents about sweeping U.S. surveillance efforts.The film’s action unfolds in a Hong Kong hotel room over eight days, during which Snowden’s revelations about the vast scope of the surveillance programs hit the press. On Monday afternoon, via videoconference, Harvard Law School’s Lawrence Lessig engaged Snowden in another frank conversation.A whistleblower to some, a spy to others, Snowden has been living in exile in Russia for the past year to avoid U.S. espionage charges. For an hour on Monday, he offered listeners a window into his motivations and his thoughts on the national security landscape.Snowden’s actions sparked a global debate about privacy versus national security concerns, a debate that he thinks was desperately needed. U.S. intelligence agencies, he said, were working without oversight, “changing the boundaries of the rights that we enjoy as free people and a free society.” Snowden said that Congress, the courts, and the executive branch of government “had failed” to do anything about the vast expansion of surveillance, either because they were unaware or unwilling.“This led me to stand up and say something,” he said.The U.S. government considers Snowden a fugitive from justice. Last year, prosecutors filed a criminal complaint against him, charging him with theft, unauthorized communication of national defense information, and willful communication of classified communications intelligence information to an unauthorized person.During his discussion with Lessig, Snowden touched briefly on his background. His grandfather and father were in the military, and his mother and sister still work for the government. He decided to enlist in the U.S. Army, inspired in response to the terrorist attacks of 9/11. He said he later began his intelligence work confident that the government for the most part “did good things and did them for the right reasons.”But he said his perspective shifted as his career progressed, first at the CIA, and later with the NSA as he gained “an increasingly concerning understanding of what happens on the broad scale.” According to Snowden, senior officials in the intelligence community had “become less accountable to the public,” overseeing “programs of mass surveillance that were happening beyond any possible statutory authority.”When he raised his concerns internally “they got nowhere,” said Snowden. He reached out to the press as a last resort, adding that he “never published anything.” Instead he let the press decide whether to publish information and thus allow the public “to participate in the democratic process in order to claim their part in determining the outcome.”After a failed attempt to reach former lawyer and journalist Glenn Greenwald, Snowden contacted Laura Poitras, through a series of encrypted emails in January 2013. At Snowden’s urging, Poitras connected with Greenwald, and together the pair broke the first surveillance story in The Guardian US that June. (Poitras would go on to make the documentary.) Soon after the first story, Washington Post reporter Barton Gellman released a series of articles based on Snowden’s information. Earlier this year, both news outlets were awarded the Pulitzer Prize for public service.The Pulitzer win proved “this kind of investment,” said Snowden, “is important to the quality of our society.”Why didn’t he go to The New York Times? wondered Lessig, Roy L. Furman Professor of Law and Leadership. Snowden said he wanted to reach a variety of outlets to ensure his information would get out without interference from the U.S. government. Many U.S. newspapers are too institutionalized, hierarchal, and rigid, he argued. He said that the Times, which delayed publishing a 2005 story about the Bush administration’s warrantless wiretapping program for a year at the urging of the White House, “has a history of sitting on stories of massive public importance.”During his intelligence work, Snowden said he noticed a critical pivot away from targeted surveillance toward programs that collected mass amounts of data. He called that shift costly and ineffective, a “collect-all” strategy that makes it impossible to keep a close eye on targets that warrant closer attention.“A good example of this is actually the Boston Marathon bombings,” said Snowden. The Russian intelligence services had made the Tsarnaev brothers known to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, he said, but the FBI only conducted “a cursory investigation.”“The reality is we knew who these guys were, and we knew they were associated with extremism in advance of these attacks, but we didn’t follow up. We didn’t keep watching these guys. And the question is: Why? I believe the reality of that is because we do have finite resources. And the question is: Should we be spending $10 billion a year on mass surveillance programs at the NSA to the extent that we no longer have effective means of traditional, targeted surveillance?”When he had a security clearance he classified as “greater than top secret,” Snowden said he could have done considerable harm if he so chose. But he said his first rule when speaking with the press was that they “do no harm” and only publish stories “with clear public-interest justification.”Lessig asked if Snowden would consider making himself “available to the ordinary criminal process.”“There is no due process for whistleblowers in the intelligence community,” and American defendants are banned from making a public-interest defense before a jury, Snowden said. He said that the U.S. Espionage Act, which is “intended for the prosecution of spies, is being increasingly leveraged to be used as sort of a bludgeon against public-interest journalistic sources and whistleblowers.”Lawrence Lessig interviews Edward Snowden HLS Professor Lawrence Lessig interviewed Edward Snowden at Harvard Law School on Oct. 20. <a href=”https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o_Sr96TFQQE” rel=”nofollow” target=”_blank”> <img src=”https://img.youtube.com/vi/o_Sr96TFQQE/0.jpg” alt=”0″ title=”How To Choose The Correct Channel Type For Your Video Content ” /> </a>
– Advertisement – Samsung Galaxy M31 has reportedly started receiving the One UI 2.5 software update in India. The update also contains the latest October 2020 Android security patch, as per the report. One UI 2.5 introduces new features such as an improved Samsung keyboard with new functionalities, SOS location sharing option on Messages, and camera improvements. The Galaxy M31 had last received the One UI 2.1 update around a month ago.The firmware version for the One UI 2.5 update on Samsung Galaxy M31 is M315FXXU2ATJ9, SamMobile reports. So far, the Samsung smartphone is receiving the update only in India, but it is likely to roll out to other markets soon. Although the SamMobile report mentions a November security patch, other reports say October, and SamMobile’s download repository also has an October 1 mention for the security patch date.- Advertisement – As per the changelog mentioned in the report, One UI 2.5 brings new Samsung Keyboard functionality to Galaxy M31. It will now support Split Keyboard support in landscape mode. Users will also be able to send automatic SOS messages every 30 minutes for 24 hours during an emergency, thanks to the new SOS location-sharing option on Messages.Galaxy M31 users will be able to use Android 10 navigational gestures in third-party app launchers, as per the report. Besides that, One UI 2.5 also brings improvements to the camera. The October 2020 Android security patch addresses vulnerabilities. If you haven’t received the notification for the update, you can check for it manually by clicking on Settings > Software update > Download and Install.Is this the end of the Samsung Galaxy Note series as we know it? We discussed this on Orbital, our weekly technology podcast, which you can subscribe to via Apple Podcasts, Google Podcasts, or RSS, download the episode, or just hit the play button below.- Advertisement –
The No. 5 University of Wisconsin volleyball team (16-6, 9-5 Big Ten) lost to the No. 14 Michigan Wolverines (19-6, 8-6 Big Ten) in four sets 3–1 Sunday afternoon at the UW Field House. This marks Wisconsin’s second straight loss after falling to Minnesota in four sets Wednesday night.The Badgers lost the match in large part due to several unforced errors that helped contribute to the defeat. After winning the first set 25–19, Michigan won the next three, 25–20, 25–22, 25–22.Wisconsin managed to win the first set in convincing fashion, 25–19, including back-to-back aces by sophomore Sydney Hilley early on. Michigan then came out strong in the second set and — despite two huge blocks by the Badgers late in the game — managed to win the set 25–20.Football: To spice up midterm election, add referendum on Alex HornibrookVoter turnout among young people has been simply abhorrent, particularly in midterms. Could it be because the last thing a Read…After two sets, the score sat at 1–1, meaning both squads had to give it their best in the third. Wisconsin held a late lead, but Michigan ended on a seven point scoring run to win the set 25–22.With the Badger’s backs up against the wall trailing 2–1 after three sets, the two teams fought for the lead, with the score sitting at 19–18 in favor of Wisconsin. Michigan then pulled off four consecutive points and managed to hold off Wisconsin to win the set and match, 25–22 and 3–1, respectively.Sophomore Dana Rettke continued her run of dominance, finishing the day with a team-high 17 kills with junior Madison Duello also recording a career-high 16 kills. On the other side, Michigan’s Carly Skjodt finished with 23 kills for the Wolverines.Men’s Basketball: Badgers victorious despite strong UW-Oshkosh effort in exhibitionThe University of Wisconsin Badgers men’s basketball team defeated their division three opponents, the UW-Oshkosh Titans 82–70 in their lone Read…While Wisconsin did have 24 errors, one positive takeaway from this match was the Badger’s leverage when it came to blocks. Wisconsin outpaced Michigan in nearly every offensive category, including a 15 to seven advantage in blocks, once again led by Rettke and Duello, who finished with 10 and six, respectively.Looking ahead, Wisconsin has two remaining regular season home games, as they will take on No. 13 Purdue Friday at 7 p.m. and Indiana Saturday at 7 p.m. Saturday’s contest will also be Senior Night. You can catch both games on 100.9 FM or check them out for yourselves at the UW Field House.